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Den Haag

Den Haag (The Hague)

The Hague lies within one hour from Amsterdam by train. The Hague is the capital city of the Dutch province Zuid-Holland. Even tough The Hague is not the capital of the Netherlands it is the place where the government is seated. The Dutch Queen Beatrix also lives in The Hague and it is the place where the Eerste Kamer (first chamber,), the Tweede Kamer (second chamber) are seated. The Hague is also home to all foreign embassies and government ministries. In the Hague you can also find the Supreme Court, the Council of State and the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.

Short history the Hague

In 1248 The Hague was founded by the Count of Holland, William II and the King of Germany. The King of Germany was supposed to become a Holy Roman Emperor and so he started to build a castle near the sea. The construction of the castle wasn’t finished since he died in battle before he could be crowned, but parts of the castle remained. These parts are now called the Ridderzaal (Knights Hall) and are still used for political events.

The counts of Holland then decided to make The Hague their administrative centre and the more powerful cities in Holland such as Leiden, Delft and Dordrecht agreed to this.

It was vital though to keep the city small and therefore it was never given city rights or allowed to build city walls.

In the 1500s city walls were finally allowed but the population decided to build a city hall with the money instead. This proved to be a big mistake when the eighty year during war began and the Spanish occupied the city.

When this war was over and the government again started to play a big role in the Netherlands, The Hague grew immensely.

During World War II, The Hague suffered a lot and a lot of buildings and even whole neighbourhoods were torn down.

After the second Wolrd War The Hague was practically completely rebuild.



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